Diabetes mellitus represents several diseases in which high blood glucose levels over the time can damage the nerves, kidneys, eyes, foot and blood vessels. Diabetes can also decrease the body’s ability to fight infection.
The main causes are poorly fitted shoes, poorly controlled diabetes, poor circulation, smoking and trauma which may lead to diabetic foot ulcer.
The diabetic foot is diagnosed through x-rays of feet to assess for signs of damage, ultrasound doppler to see the blood flow through the arteries and veins in the lower extremities, and computerized foot test like Podia scan, Thesiowin and Arthrowin.
The treatment includes regular foot examination, foot nail cleaning, dressing of ulcer if existing and special designed insole.