By definition, Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine.
There are many types and causes of scoliosis, including:
- Congenital scoliosis – it is caused by a bone abnormality present at birth.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis – which is a result of abnormal muscles or nerves. Frequently seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy.
- Degenerative scoliosis. This may result from traumatic (from an injury or illness) bone collapse, previous major back surgery, or osteoporosis.
- Idiopathic scoliosis. The most common type of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis, has no specific identifiable cause. There is, however, strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited.
Statistically, approximately 2% to 2.4% of Indians at age 16 have scoliosis. Less than 0.1% has spinal curves measuring greater than 40 degrees, which is the point at which surgery becomes a consideration.
The majority of adolescents with significant scoliosis with no known cause are observed at regular intervals (usually every four months to six months), including a physical exam and a low radiation X-ray.
Treatments for scoliosis include: Braces. Bracing is the usual treatment choice for adolescents who have a spinal curve between 25 degrees to 40 degrees — particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least 2 years of growth remaining.
Those who have curves beyond 40 degrees to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery.
At HCF, we have dedicated unit for doing corrective surgery of scoliosis
supported by expert Spine Surgeons from India and abroad also. Regular OPDs on every Wednesday is organized for such patients.
Indo – American Spine Association supports us by funding Mission camp for scoliosis Surgeries for needy patients.